Here’s a look astatine the 2001 anthrax attacks, besides referred to arsenic Amerithrax.
There are 3 types of anthrax infection: cutaneous (through the skin), inhalation (through the lungs; the astir deadly) and gastrointestinal (through digestion). There has been a 4th benignant of anthrax identified as injection anthrax. This is communal successful heroin-injecting users successful bluish Europe. This has ne'er been reported successful the United States.
It tin beryllium contracted by handling products from infected animals oregon by breathing successful anthrax spores and by eating undercooked nutrient from infected animals.
Anthrax has been blamed for respective plagues implicit the ages that killed some humans and livestock. It emerged successful World War I as a biologic weapon.
The CDC categorizes anthrax arsenic a Category A agent: 1 that poses the top imaginable menace for a antagonistic interaction connected nationalist health; 1 that whitethorn dispersed crossed a ample country oregon request nationalist consciousness and requires readying to support the public’s health.
Read more: America’s agelong and frightening past of attacks by mail
Five radical died and 17 radical sickened during anthrax attacks successful the autumn of 2001; outbreak is often referred to arsenic Amerithrax.
Anthrax was sent via anonymous letters to quality agencies successful Florida and New York and a legislature bureau gathering successful Washington.
Of the 5 victims who died of inhalation anthrax, 2 were postal workers. The different 3 victims were an aged pistillate from agrarian Connecticut, a Manhattan infirmary idiosyncratic from the Bronx and an worker astatine a Florida tabloid mag who whitethorn person contracted anthrax done cross-contamination.
The letters were sent to NBC anchor Tom Brokaw, Sen. Majority Leader Tom Daschle, Sen. Patrick Leahy, and the New York Post offices. The letters were postmarked Trenton, New Jersey.
No arrests person been made successful the attacks.
The FBI has interviewed much than 10,000 radical and issued much than 6,000 subpoenas successful the case.
4.8 cardinal masks and 88 cardinal gloves were purchased by the Postal Service for its employees, and 300 postal facilities were tested for anthrax.
Over 32,000 radical took antibiotics aft imaginable vulnerability to anthrax.
Stevens, Bob - photograph exertion astatine American Media Inc, dies of inhalation anthrax, October 5, 2001
Curseen, Joseph Jr. - DC country postal worker, dies of inhalation anthrax, October 22, 2001
Morris, Thomas Jr. - DC postal worker, dies of inhalation anthrax, October 21, 2001
Nguyen, Kathy - worker astatine Manhattan hospital, dies of inhalation anthrax, October 31, 2001
Lundgren, Ottilie - Connecticut woman, dies of inhalation anthrax, November 22, 2001
October 5, 2001 - Sun photograph exertion Bob Stevens dies of inhalation anthrax.
October 12, 2001 - NBC News announces that an worker has contracted anthrax.
October 15, 2001 - A missive postmarked Trenton, New Jersey, opened by an worker of Senate Majority Leader Tom Daschle contains achromatic powdery substance aboriginal recovered to beryllium “weapons grade” strain of anthrax spores. More than 2 twelve radical successful Daschle’s bureau trial affirmative for anthrax aft the envelope is discovered.
October 19, 2001 - An unopened letter tainted with anthrax is recovered successful the offices of the New York Post. One Post worker is confirmed to person a cutaneous corruption and a 2nd shows symptoms of the aforesaid infection.
October 21, 2001 - DC postal idiosyncratic Thomas Morris Jr. dies of inhalation anthrax.
October 22, 2001 - DC postal idiosyncratic Joseph Curseen dies of inhalation anthrax.
October 31, 2001 - Kathy Nguyen, a stockroom idiosyncratic for the Manhattan Eye, Ear and Throat Hospital, dies of inhalation anthrax.
November 9, 2001 - The FBI releases a behavioral illustration of the suspect, who is astir apt a antheral loner and mightiness enactment successful a laboratory.
November 16, 2001 - A missive sent to Senator Patrick Leahy is recovered to incorporate anthrax. The missive is among those astatine the Capitol that has been quarantined. The missive contains astatine slightest 23,000 anthrax spores and is postmarked October 9, successful Trenton, New Jersey.
November 22, 2001 - Ottilie Lundgren, a 94-year-old Connecticut woman, dies of inhalation anthrax.
January 2002 - FBI agents interrogation erstwhile US Army bioweapons idiosyncratic Steven Hatfill arsenic portion of the anthrax investigation.
June 2002 - Bioweapons researcher Hatfill is named a “person of interest” by the FBI.
June 25, 2002 - The FBI searches Hatfill’s Maryland flat and Florida retention locker with his consent.
June 27, 2002 - The FBI says it is focusing connected 30 biologic weapons experts successful its probe.
August 1, 2002 - The FBI uses a transgression hunt warrant to hunt Hatfill’s Maryland flat and Florida retention locker a 2nd time; anthrax swab tests travel backmost negative.
August 6, 2002 - Attorney General John Ashcroft refers to Hatfill arsenic a “person of interest.”
August 11, 2002 - Hatfill holds a property league declaring his innocence. He holds a 2nd 1 connected August 25, 2002.
September 11, 2002 - The FBI searches Hatfill’s erstwhile flat successful Maryland for the 3rd time.
August 26, 2003 - Hatfill files a civilian suit against Attorney General John Ashcroft, the Justice Department and the FBI claiming his law rights person been violated. The suit alleges violations of Hatfill’s Fifth Amendment rights by preventing him from earning a living, violations of his Fifth Amendment rights by retaliating against him aft helium sought to person his sanction cleared successful the anthrax probe and the disclosure of accusation from his FBI file. The suit besides seeks an undetermined magnitude of monetary damages.
July 11, 2004 - The erstwhile office of American Media, Inc. successful Boca Raton, Florida, wherever Bob Stevens contracted the anthrax is pumped afloat of chlorine dioxide state for decontamination. This was the past gathering exposed to anthrax successful the autumn of 2001.
June 27, 2008 - The Justice Department reaches a colony with Hatfill. The colony requires the Justice Department to wage Hatfill a one-time outgo of $2.825 cardinal and to bargain a $3 cardinal annuity that volition wage Hatfill $150,000 a twelvemonth for 20 years. In return, Hatfill drops his lawsuit, and the authorities admits nary wrongdoing.
July 29, 2008 - Bruce Ivins, a erstwhile researcher astatine the Army’s bioweapons laboratory astatine Fort Detrick, Maryland, dies aft overdosing during a termination effort connected July 27.
August 6, 2008 - Judge unseals and releases hundreds of documents successful the 2001 FBI Anthrax probe that item Ivins’ relation successful the attacks.
August 8, 2008 - The Justice Department formally exonerates Hatfill.
September 25, 2008 - Court releases much documents including e-mails that Ivins sent to himself.
February 19, 2010 - The Justice Department, FBI and US Postal Inspection Service denote its probe into the 2001 anthrax mailings is astatine an end.
March 23, 2011 - A report, entitled The Amerithrax Case, is released done the Research Strategies Network, a non-profit deliberation vessel based successful Virginia. According to the report, aged intelligence wellness records suggest Ivins should person been prevented from holding a occupation astatine a US Army probe installation successful Maryland. The study was requested by the US Department of Justice.
October 9, 2011 - New York Times reports bespeak determination are scientists questioning the FBI assertions regarding Ivins. Possibly Ivins, if helium was involved, worked with a partner. Also, the scientists accidental the beingness of tin successful the dried anthrax warrants that the probe beryllium reopened.
November 23, 2011 - The Justice Department settles for $2.5 cardinal with Stevens’ family. The household primitively sued for $50 cardinal successful 2003, arguing that the subject laboratory should person had tighter security.
December 19, 2014 - The Government Accountability Office releases a 77-page study reviewing the familial investigating utilized by the FBI during the probe into the anthrax attacks.